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Neurodiversity

'Diversity' is the new buzz word; We live in a diverse world. People who are Neurodiverse experience, interact with and interpret the world in unique ways.

ADHD

Approximately 2-5% of children in the UK are diagnosed with ADHD

It is thought about 4-5% of adults have ADHD, although most of these remain undiagnosed.

  • ADHD is not a behaviour disorder.
  • ADHD is not a mental illness.
  • ADHD is not a specific learning disability.

ADHD is a developmental (present at birth) difference of the brain’s self-management system. Both adults and children can be diagnosed with ADHD.

There are 3 main types:

  1. Primarily hyperactive-impulsive type
    Can act “as if driven by a motor” with little impulse control — moving, squirming, fiddling and talking at even the most inappropriate times. They are impulsive, impatient, and interrupt others.
  2. Primarily inattentive type (formerly called ADD)
    Have difficulty focusing, finishing tasks, and following instructions. They are easily distracted and forgetful. They may be daydreamers who lose track of time, homework, phones, and conversations, with regularity. They may find it hard to pay attention to detail. Conversely, they often hyperfocus when doing something they enjoy.
  3. Primarily combined type 
    Display a combination of the symptoms outlined in the above.

Dyslexia

Dyslexia is a common specific learning difficulty, which mainly causes difficulty with acquiring fluent reading, writing and spelling skills, although there are often difficulties with maths, speed of processing and working memory too.

Dyslexia is defined in two main ways. The British Psychological Society currently defines dyslexia as:

… evident when accurate and fluent word reading and/or spelling develops very incompletely, or with great difficulty. This focuses on literacy learning at the ‘word level’ and implies that the problem is severe and persistent despite appropriate learning opportunities. It provides the basis for a staged process of assessment through teaching.

The Expert Advisory Group Serving the ‘Rose’ (2009) review: Dyslexia is a learning difficulty that primarily affects the skills involved in accurate and fluent word reading and spelling. Characteristic features of dyslexia are difficulties in phonological awareness, verbal memory and verbal processing speed’. (Rose, 2009)
  • It is estimated between 10 -15% of the population have Dyslexia. It affects approximately the same number of male and females.
  • It is a life-long disability.
  • Without appropriate teaching and specific targeting of skills, long term outcomes for Dyslexic people are often greatly reduced.

Many famous people have Dylsexia, or are Neurodiverse...

Being Diagnosed with Dyslexia no longer holds the stigma it did a generation ago. There is a better understanding of the great strengths people with a neuro diversity bring to the world…….

Richard Branson

Dyslexic
Entrepreneur; Founder of Virgin Enterprises.
"Dyslexia helped me to become successful"

Erna Solberg

Prime Minister of Norway
Dyslexic
Erna Solberg was elected Prime Minister of Norway in 2013. Diagnosed to have dyslexia at 13 years old; she has spoken publicly about her deep routed battles related to Dyslexia.

Steve Redgrave

Dyslexic
Considered one of the greatest rowers and Olympians of all time
"Everyone is different and everyone's dyslexia is different. For me, I would always rather be in a boat but I was lucky to be pretty good in a boat."

Emma Watson

Actress
ADHD
Rose to fame in Harry Potter as Hermione Grainger. She gained straight A's at GCSE and A Level and has a degree in English Literature from Oxford University. She is also a prominent campaigner for women's rights.

WilI I am

American Rapper/Judge on The Voice UK
ADHD
Says ADHD Fuels His Creativity

Simone Biles

Olympic Gymnast
ADHD
Hyper Focus and Passion have helped her achieve her goals.
"Having ADHD and taking medicine for it is nothing to be ashamed of, nothing that I'm afraid to let people know."

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